14 elements of process safety management

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The 14 elements of process safety management identified by OSHA include the items below. To be in compliance with OSHA, it’s required for businesses to incorporate these elements into their organization. In order for any element to work effectively, all elements must be incorporated into the business model. One way to look at it is if you have strong employee participation in safety protocol, but the training model is outdated, then the work environment is not actually safe.

What are the 14 elements of process safety management?

Employee Participation
This includes employees participating in training, surveys and feedback, and safety rewards.

Process Safety Information
Documentation needs to outline specific safety protocols.

Process Hazard Analysis
Also known as a PHA, this requires systematically assessing the potential hazards within your organization.

Operating Procedures
Operating procedures must be written that provide clear instructions and are accessible to all employees.

Employees must be trained to follow specific safety protocols. This is always conducted by the Safety Committee.

Similar to employees, contractors that will work with hazardous chemicals must be trained.

Pre-Startup Safety Review
Also known as PSSR, any new facility that is opened, or any facility that is remodeled, must have a safety review.

Mechanical Integrity
Critical process equipment must be designed and installed correctly. This applies to storage tanks and vessels, pumps, piping systems, and valves, emergency shutdown systems, and controls.

Hot Work Permit
A permit must be issued for hot work operations conducted on or near a covered process.

Management of Change (MOC)
MOC governs the procedure that everyone must follow when implementing process, equipment, or personnel changes

Incident Investigation
Should there be a safety or health incident, including a near-miss, a detailed investigation must be conducted.

Emergency Planning and Response
It’s required for training to take place that outlines for employees the specifics relating to emergency planning and response.

Compliance Audits
Employers must certify that compliance with PSM has been evaluated every three years, at a minimum.

Trade Secrets
There is no protecting materials or tracked data of any type. All documents, analysis and operational data pertaining to the company must be secured.

Why do I need process safety management in 2022?

Process Safety Management keeps your employees safe and healthy at work, especially as it pertains to the release of hazardous chemicals. It means you can feel confident that all elements of your business are functioning as they should, while reducing the number of potential incidents due to hazardous chemicals. If you are not compliant with OSHA’s PSM program, that can lead to major financial and legal consequences.

In order for your business to grow, it needs to work efficiently. And that starts with employees feeling rested from having enough breaks throughout the day. That means ensuring employees are informed and up-to-date on the current way to operate specific machinery. When employees are appropriately trained on how to handle specific equipment and perform particular tasks, your business will operate smoothly and efficiently. When Process Safety Management guidelines are followed correctly and consistently across employees, operational equipment, and technology, you can create a significantly safer work environment. This leads to higher productivity and increased potential for growth.

What are some other benefits of PSM?

  • Avoiding incident costs by minimizing hazardous releases, injuries and down time.
  • Having rapid and correct response times in the case of an incident or near-miss. Also reducing the effects of incidents before they major issues.
  • Ability to analyze the root cause of an incident or near miss. This enables you to take preventative action, rather than having a reactive approach. Which leads to reducing your company’s risk of additional safety incidents, health hazards, and costs.
  • Plan operational changes with a minimized impact to day-to-day operations.