How to Conduct a Job Hazard Analysis: JHA Checklist

JHA Checklist
Blog » How to conduct a job hazard analysis to keep workers safe

A job hazard analysis (JHA)—sometimes called a job safety analysis (JSA)—is an important tool for identifying and reducing hazards in any industry. It is a technique that identifies the dangers associated with specific job tasks and provides solutions to reduce the risk of an injury to workers.

Why it matters

According to the Liberty Mutual 2019 Workplace Safety Index, workplace injuries costs U.S. companies more than $1 million every week. The Liberty Mutual report documents the top causes of the most serious injuries—those resulting in five or more days of workdays lost, which is based on information from the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS).

Many assume that these injuries occurred in high-hazard job environments, but injury rates in retail were higher than in manufacturing and construction. These injuries included overexertion and falls from the same level, as reported by the BLS.

So, why does conducting a JHA matter? Because, if you know what potential hazards exist for a particular job task, you can reduce or eliminate them before any of your workers gets hurt. The JHA should also be used to train workers to do their jobs safely. That, also, translates into saving your organization any costs associated with an injury.

Conducting JHA

Conducting a JHA

1. Involve your workers: Your workers have a hands-on understanding of the job, which is invaluable in finding potential hazards. Involving your workers in the entire process ensures a quality assessment and will help workers take ownership of their own safety.

2. Review your organization’s accident history: These events help you identify existing hazards that may not have had adequate protections and require further analysis.

3. OSHA: Identify Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) standards that apply to the job and include the requirements in your JHA.

4. List, rank, and set priorities: Jobs with high injury or illness rates should be your first priority.

Where to start

Break the job task into steps. Include enough information to describe each job task without getting overly detailed. Review the steps with your worker to make sure you did not miss something.

    • Getting input for the worker who performs the job is most valuable.
    • Identify the hazards of each step by asking yourself:
      • What can go wrong?
      • What are the consequences?
      • How could it happen?
      • What are other contributing factors?
      • How likely is it that the hazard would occur?

Review the list with workers who do the job and seek their input on ways to eliminate or reduce the hazards.

  • Identify ways to eliminate or reduce hazards.
    • Are there safer ways to do the job?
    • Be specific. Do not simply state “Be careful.”
    • Changes in the work process.
    • Personal protective equipment (PPE): e.g. gloves, steel-toed shoes, head protection, hearing protection.

 

Example JHA form

We’ll use an OSHA example to show how a JHA can be used to identify existing or potential hazards for each step involved in grinding iron castings.
JHA Example

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