The purpose of a fire incident report is to document the details of a fire safety incident that has taken place in your facility. Not only does it serve as a record of the event, but this report also is a useful tool for investigating what happened.
Anyone reading this document should be able to understand the circumstances that led to the fire and the outcomes of the incident.
Depending on your industry, your requirements for handling fire-related incidents may vary. Below are my top recommendations for what to include in your site’s fire incident reports, regardless of what your daily operations look like.
Start by providing the basic information about what happened. Details to put in this section of your report include:
- Date, site location, and time of the incident
- Specific location within the facility where the incident occurred
- Extenuating factors (weather, third-party activities, etc.)
These details are especially important for revisiting the incident at a future time. Make sure you double check that all the information for this section is accurate before moving on to the next steps.
Aftermath and outcomes
In addition to the basic incident details, you’ll also want to include information about the immediate aftermath. This includes things like:
- Was there any property damage?
- Did you notify and/or receive services from the local fire department?
- Were there any injuries or fatalities?
It’s important to note that if you did record any injuries or fatalities, those must be reported to according to OSHA’s recordkeeping requirements.
The fire incident report is a separate document and should not serve as the primary documentation of fire-related injuries.
Fire incident description
The bulk of your fire incident report should be the description of what happened. This section is (in most cases) the most time-consuming part of the process. To write a comprehensive description, you’ll need to:
- Interview witnesses to gather the details.
- Investigate the scene to find evidence.
- Review video footage (if available) to gain additional context.
- Walk through the process(es) involved to determine the hazards that contributed.
During this process, record everything you uncover. Your report should almost always include attachments like photos, videos, and witness statements to provide a full picture of the event.
How many sections you include in your report heavily depends on your site’s recordkeeping practices. For example, some companies require managers to complete a full root cause analysis. In that case, it wouldn’t be necessary to put all those details within the fire incident report.
Here are some pieces of optional information you may want to include in your report, depending on the other requirements your site has in place:
- 5 why analysis
- Root cause investigation notes and conclusions
- Corrective actions (description, owner, due date)
- Investigation findings and recommendations
- Law enforcement documentation/communications (if applicable)
Remember, the primary goal of the fire incident report is to provide information regarding the details of the event. All incidents should have sufficient follow-up to determine the source and to eliminate hazards.
If your reports simply provide the description and details, you’ve done enough to document the event. However, if you want to implement solutions after the incident, you’ll definitely need to complete a thorough analysis using other methods like hazard assessments and the 5 whys.